Here are some definitions of Information Literacy:
Langford (1998,p.59): information literacy is a type of literacy that has been transformed to work with the technologies of the time.
My comment: Literacy is active and changing and as the types, sources, reliability and access to information change and develop through the use of the internet and web2.0 applications, students must be able to make sense of this information.
Abilock (2004, p. 1): information literacy is a transformational process where information is taken and used.
My comment: This is an active sort of definition – information literacy is a process or strategy to work with information in a purposeful way.
Herring & Tartar (2006, p. 3): list of things information literate students will be able to do.
My comment: Add the idea of reflecting on the way the information was used to serve an identified purpose.
All of the authors added extra dimensions and aspects to my understandings of information literacy.
Langford’s references to information literacy complementing technology is very relevant as students are dealing with many types of information in many formats and from varied sources. They need strategies and skills in identifying, deciphering and evaluating the information they come into contact with.
Abilock’s idea of using information for personal, social and global purposes support both constructivist and connectivist thinking where students are learning for an authentic purpose and audience.
Herring & Tartar identify actions that students are able to do with information in a step by step manner.
It seems to me that information literacy is a process to help students “help themselves” learn. So much about learning is not just content related facts. Students need to be able to collect, sort and use information in many ways to make meaning from what they read, view and hear. Information literacy is both a process and strategies to help them do this.
Herring, J. and Tartar, A. (2006). Progress in developing information literacy in a secondary school using the PLUS model. School Libraries in View, 23, 23-27